Rectification Method - the Rectification Method submenu allows you to select which rectification method (hence the name) to apply to the entered control points. Different methods are available based on how many control points have been entered. The various methods are as follows:
Automatic - the Automatic select automatically selects the "best" rectification method that is available based on the number of control points that have been entered. This is the default method and should rarely need to be changed.
Linear - the Linear rectification method is used when only two control points are entered. This is the simplest of the rectification methods and is equivalent to supplying a world file for the image. This method does not allow for any distortion or rotation in the image, but often works well if the correct projection is selected for the image.
Helmert - the Helmert, or similarity, rectification method requires at least two controls points to be entered. This rectification method is useful if you need to maintain the original shape of data after a transformation. This method will only be used if you explicitly select it from the list of rectification methods.
Affine - the Affine rectification method requires at least three controls points to be entered. This rectification method calculates a best fit to a simple equation of the control points entered. This method can account for some degree of rotation and distortion, but not with a high degree of accuracy. Because a best fit approximation is used, some of your ground points may move a little in order to minimize the error among all control points.
Polynomial - the Polynomial rectification method requires at least four control points to be entered. This rectification method calculates a best fit to a more complex polynomial equation described the transformation from pixel space to ground coordinate space. Because a best fit approximation is used, some of your ground points may move a little in order to minimize the error among all control points. If you have 6 or more control points, a second order (N=2) polynomial will be used to transform the points.
Triangulation - the Triangulation rectification method requires at least five control points to be entered. This rectification method performs a Delaunay triangulation for the control points and will exactly preserve the location of each entered control point. Occasionally the Triangulation method generates some odd results around the edges of the rectified image. If this happens, try to enter more control points around the edge of the image, or change your rectification method to Polynomial.
Resampling Method - the Resampling Method submenu allows you to select how the source image pixels will be resampled to create the rectified imagery. These settings simply control which resampling method is applied initially for rectified images. This can be changed later in the Overlay Control Center.
Auto-Name GCPs - this setting controls whether or not you will be prompted to enter a name for each ground control point (GCP) entered. Disabling this allows you to specify a name for each GCP, but can interrupt workflow. Unless you have a specific need to name your GCPs, we would recommend turning this option on.
Remember Last Projection - this setting controls whether or not to initialize the projection to the last used rectification projection when rectifying new data. If this is not enabled, the projection will always default to Geographic/Arc Degrees/WGS84.
Add Control Points at Corner Points - this option allows you to easily create a control point at each corner of the layer being rectified. If enough other control points have already been entered to do a rectification, the new corner control points will automatically be initialized with the best guess at the ground/projected location, otherwise they will be initialized with dummy values.
Display Transformation Equations - this option displays the actual transformation equations used for transforming this image based on the selected rectification method and the entered control points. Note that this is only available if enough control points have been entered for a transformation to be calculated and if the transformation method is based on a simple set of equations.
Ctrl+Left Click Recenters and Zooms Other View - this option controls whether or not Ctrl+Left Clicking in the Zoomed or Reference Image view just recenters the other view if possible, or if it also zooms the other view to the same approximate extents.