You can change the shape of area and line features in several different ways. First enable the Show Area and Line Vertices option (Shift+V is a keyboard shortcut to toggle this setting) to facilitate access to the features described below. Alternately enable the option Always Render Vertices for Selected Features.
Select the vertices to work with before performing any of the described operations (except inserting new vertices). Many of these tools will also work with mesh / 3D model features.
Shift+V: show area and line vertices
To access options for reshaping area and line features, select the vertices with the Digitizer tool and right-click anywhere on the map to the Move/Reshape Feature or Vertex Editing sub-menus.
The following options are available for reshaping area and line features:
With the Digitizer tool and right-click anywhere on the map to the Move/Reshape Feature and select Edit Length of Area or Line Feature Segments.
This option enable a segment editing mode. The cursor will change to show a LEN symbol. Click on a segment of an area, line, or mesh feature to modify the length of the segment.
Specify a new length and press OK. All vertex locations from the selected segment to the end of the line / feature will be adjusted to make the clicked-on segment the specified length.
If the option Render segment lengths on map is enabled
in the Vector Display section of
the Configuration dialog then you can just double-click on a segment to
edit its length.
This option specifies whether each vertex along area and line features selected with the Digitizer/ Edit Tool should be displayed.
Access this option from the Vector Rendering Configuration or by right-clicking with the Digitizer tool and going to Options.
Use this option, rather than the Show Area and Line Vertices option above, to only display vertices for features that you are actively editing in order to prevent excessive clutter on the map.
This option allows you to move selected vertices to a new location. To do this, hold down the left mouse button and move the vertices to the desired location, then release the left mouse button.
Note: While moving a single vertex, you can use the Snapping feature to help align the vertex with existing features.
If you'd only like to move the selected vertices either horizontally or vertically, you can hold down either the 'X' or 'Y' keys on the keyboard to restrict the movement to that axis. Holding down both keys will move the vertices diagonally.
This option allows you to set multiple vertices to the same location, which ensures that there are no gaps along the seams of features.
Select the vertices of interest with the Digitizer tool, the right-click anywhere on the map to Vertex Editing > JOIN - Join Selected Vertices.
Once you've selected this option, hold down the left mouse button and move the vertices to the new desired location, then release the left mouse button.
Note: While joining vertices, you can use the Snapping feature to help align the vertex with existing features.
This option allows you to delete the selected vertices. This action can be performed on selected vector or mesh /3d model vertices.
CTRL+Delete is the hot key for deleting selected vertices.
This option displays a dialog allowing you to manually position the selected vertices by entering their new position in either latitude/ longitude coordinates or coordinates in the currently configured view projection/ datum. If the selected vertices are from a 3D line or area feature, you will also be able to set the elevation value to use for the vertex.
Insert New Vertex In Selected Feature(s)
This option allows you to insert a new vertex into the selected area or line feature. To insert the vertex, select the option from either the Move/Reshape Feature(s) or Vertex Editing Digitizer (right-click) sub-menus, or the Digitizer(Edit) toolbar button.
Left-click at the location where you want
the new vertex inserted. The vertex will be inserted on the area or line
feature at the clicked location along the nearest segment of the feature.
Alternately, if you hold down the SHIFT key while left-clicking the new
vertex will be placed on the selected feature(s) at the nearest location
to the click location. You can also use this feature to extend features.
The newly created vertices will be automatically selected. If you need
to add multiple vertices to the selected feature(s), simply hold down
the 'I' key when left-clicking to place the vertex and you will remain
in the insert vertex mode.
order of all vertices in a selected line or area feature. This option can be used for data management, but is also useful for Digitizer operations that relate to the beginning or ending or a feature.
This option is found under the Move/ Reshape Feature(s) Options sub-menu and allows you to resample your selected area or line feature at a specified interval. This is useful if you want to add a lot of new vertices along your feature to make reprojection work better or to facilitate smoothing of the feature.
This option will automatically remove vertices that do not significantly contribute to the shape of your selected area or line features. This is useful to significantly reduce the size of features without giving up much detail in the shape.
Select Line or Area Features to simplify with the Digitizer tool and right-click. In the Move/ Reshape Feature(s) sub-menu, selected the SIMPLIFY - Simplify (Reduce) Vertices of Selected Line/ Area Feature(s) option.
Horizontal Threshold — Use this field to enter the threshold that will be used to simplify the 2D components of each vector feature. This is the distance that a vertex needs to be from a straight line in order to be kept in the feature. Vertices that are this distance or further from the straight line will be kept. Vertices that are closer than this distance from the straight line will be discarded.
Vertical Threshold — This section applies only to 3D data. The threshold specified here will be applied to the vertex elevations. If the calculation exceeds the threshold, then the vertex will be kept.
Slope (degrees) — This field to specifies a threshold for the slope difference between vertices. Each calculation involves three points (A, B, and C). If the difference between slope AC and slope AB exceeds the threshold, and the difference between slope AC and slope BC exceeds the threshold, then the point will be kept. Specify this value in degrees.
If you need to use a different means to specify the slope, click on the Compute... button. Global Mapper will display a dialog that will allow you to enter the value using raw slope (rise over run) and a "1 in X" designation. The dialog will then convert this value to degrees and enter it in the Slope field.
This option allows you to modify the position
of the vertices of your selected line and area features to smooth the
appearance. This can be used to give jagged contour lines a better appearance.
If after modifying the shape of an area or line feature you decide that
you want to undo the changes and restore the feature to its original shape,
simply select the feature(s) that you want restored and select the Restore
Original Shape from the right-click context menu. See alsoRestore Original Position of the Point