Projection Definitions

Global Mapper provides a number of projection methods and built in named projections available in the Configuration> Projection tab, and in the layer projection tab.

The projection list includes both projection methods that are configurable, and specific named projection definitions. When switching between specific named projections and configurable projections, any matching parameters will be maintained in the configurable projection.

'Reprojection on the fly' and Transformations

Global Mapper uses a set of predefined transformations to reproject data natively stored in other projections into the current display projection defined in the Configuration> Projection menu. All transformations are via WGS84. For more advanced transformation methods, see GeoCalc Mode: Projections and Datums

Loading Projections

Custom projections may be loaded from a prj file, txt file in WKT format, or esri xml file. When loading a file with no projection, recognized projection and control point files in the same location with the same file name will automatically be used. Load projections from GeoCalcOnline by logging in and saving the WKT to a TXT file, then load in Global Mapper, using the Load from File button in the projection section.

When loading a projection, Global Mapper will attempt to match the projection to a known projection and datum definition. This is done because different projection libraries report projection parameters with varying precision. WKT PRJ files always specify the base projection system (like Transverse Mercator, Albers Conic, etc.) with parameters rather than directly using a named grid system in the standardized part (the PROJCS name can be anything). Global Mapper loads the specified base projection system, then looks through the list of pre-defined systems, both zoned like UTM and State Plane, and individual grid systems like British Grid, for a match within an allowed difference in parameters (i.e. within 10 cm for linear parameters like false easting/ northing or within 1 / 10,000,000 difference for angular values). If all attribute values match and the datum is allowed, then the alias projection is automatically selected.

When a custom definition is loaded from a file in WKT format, Global Mapper will look for a datum match for the TOWGS84 parameters describing the transformation. For a datum match, the datums must be on the same ellipsoid (or the ellipsoids are identical within 10cm on both axes) and have a combined delta X in the transform parameters of < 1m. If multiple datums meet the criteria, the one with the closest match is used.

PRJ format

There is an Advanced Option on the General tab of the Configuration dialog allowing the older ESRI PRJ format to be exported instead. If for some reason a WKT-representation of the projection cannot be generated, the old ESRI PRJ format will be written out instead.

Custom Projection Names

When a projection definition is loaded from a file that contains a custom name, differing from the built in projection name, that information is stored in the Global Mapper User Data folder in the epsg_codes.txt file. The custom name will not display in the interface, but will be used for all exported projection files. For more information see

Concept Link IconSee Also

Projections

Projection List (projections highlighted in yellow are configurable)
Projection Parameters
3TM (Alberta) by zone
10TM (Alberta) by zone
Aitoff-Wagner CENTRAL MERIDIAN
Alaska Conformal FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Albers Conic FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
AMG (Australian Map Grid) by zone
Austrian Grid by zone
Azimuthal Equidistant CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Belge 1972 (Belgium Lambert 1972) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=51.1666672333
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=49.8333339
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=4.3674866667
ORIGIN LATITUDE=90
FALSE EASTING (m)=150000.013
FALSE NORTHING (m)=5400088.438
Bipolar Oblique Conic West  
Bonne CENTRAL MERIDIAN
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
British Grid CENTRAL MERIDIAN
SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=-2
ORIGIN LATITUDE=49
FALSE EASTING (m)=400000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=-100000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Cassini Malaysia by zone
Cassini-Soldner CENTRAL MERIDIAN
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Cassini-Soldner (Italia) CENTRAL MERIDIAN
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Cassini Soldner (Italia) [Origini - Grande Est.] by zone
Cassini Soldner (Italia) [Origini - Locali - BAS] by zone
Cassini Soldner (Italia) [Origini - Locali - CAM] by zone
Cassini Soldner (Italia) [Origini - Locali - PUG] by zone
Cassini Soldner (Italia) [Origini - Locali - VDA] by zone
Cassini Soldner (Italia) [Origini - Locali - VEN] by zone
Croatia (TM) CENTRAL MERIDIAN
SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=16.5
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=0
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Double Stereographic CENTRAL MERIDIAN
SCALE FACTOR
CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Dutch Grid (RD) CENTRAL MERIDIAN
SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL LONGITUDE=5.387638889
CENTRAL LATITUDE=52.15616056
FALSE EASTING (m)=155000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=463000
Eckert IV CENTRAL MERIDIAN
Equidistant Conic A STANDARD PARALLEL
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Equidistant Conic B FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Equirectangular CENTRAL MERIDIAN
TRUE SCALE LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Gall Stereographic CENTRAL MERIDIAN
Gauss Boaga (Italia) by zone
Gauss Krueger (6 degree zones) by zone
Gauss Krueger Argentina by zone
Gauss Krueger (Croatia) - HDKS by zone
Gauss Krueger (3 degree zones) by zone
Gauss Krueger Slovenia CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=15
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=-5000000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Geographic (Latitude/Longitude) CENTRAL LONGITUDE
Geografica (Italia) [Latitudine/Longitudine] CENTRAL LONGITUDE
Gnomonic CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Greek Grid CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=24
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=0
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Hammer-Aitoff CENTRAL LONGITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Hotine Oblique Mercator A PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
LATITUDE 1
LATITUDE 2
LONGITUDE 1
LONGITUDE 2
Hotine Oblique Mercator B PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR
AZIMUTH ANGLE
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Hotine Oblique Mercator Azimuth Nat. Orig. PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR
AZIMUTH ANGLE
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Interrupted Goode Homolosine CENTRAL LONGITUDE
Hungarian National Grid (EOV) PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR=1
AZIMUTH ANGLE=90
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)=19.04857178
ORIGIN LATITUDE=47.14439372
FALSE EASTING (m)=650000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=200000
India Zoned Grid by zone
inGCS (Indiana Geospatial Coordinate System) by zone
Irish Grid CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=-8
ORIGIN LATITUDE=53.5
FALSE EASTING (m)=200000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=250000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Israel Grid (New) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=35.2045169444
ORIGIN LATITUDE=31.7343936111
FALSE EASTING (m)=219529.584
FALSE NORTHING (m)=626907.39
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Israel Grid (Old) CENTRAL MERIDIAN=35.2120805556
CENTRAL LATITUDE=31.7340972222
FALSE EASTING (m)=170251.55
FALSE NORTHING (m)=126867.91
Japanese Projection System by zone
Korea TM by zone
Krovak  
Laborde (Madagascar)  
Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Lambert Conformal Conic CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Lambert Cylindrical Equal-Area CENTRAL MERIDIAN
TRUE SCALE LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Lambert (Marta Software) CENTRAL MERIDIAN
Lambert (NOAA Port) CENTRAL MERIDIAN
CENTRAL LATITUDE
Lambert I Carto (Northern France) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=48.5985228
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=50.3959117
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=49.5
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=1200000
Lambert I Nord (Northern France) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=48.5985228
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=50.3959117
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=49.5
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=200000
Lambert II Centre (Central France) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=45.8989389
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=47.6960144
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=46.8
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=200000
Lambert II Carto √Čtendu (Wide) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=45.8989189
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=47.6960144
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=46.8
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=2200000
Lambert III Carto (Southern France) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=43.1992914
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=44.9960939
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=44.1
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=3200000
Lambert III Sud (Southern France) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=43.1992914
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=44.9960939
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=44.1
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=200000
Lambert IV Carto (Corsica) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=41.5603878
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=42.7676633
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=42.165
FALSE EASTING (m)=234.358
FALSE NORTHING (m)=4185861.369
Lambert IV Corse (Corsica) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
FIRST STANDARD PARALLEL=41.5603878
SECOND STANDARD PARALLEL=42.7676633
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=2.33722917
ORIGIN LATITUDE=42.165
FALSE EASTING (m)=234.358
FALSE NORTHING (m)=185861.369
Lambert-93 by zone
Marta Software Satellite CENTRAL MERIDIAN
Mercator CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Mercator (Lowrance Special)  
Mercator (Navionics Special)  
MGA (Map Grid of Australia) by zone
Michigan Georef PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR=1
AZIMUTH ANGLE=337.25556
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)=-86
ORIGIN LATITUDE=45.3091667
FALSE EASTING (m)=499839.834
FALSE NORTHING (m)=528600.24
Miller Cylindrical CENTRAL MERIDIAN
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Miller Oblated Stereographic  
Minnesota County by zone
Mollweide CENTRAL MERIDIAN
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
MSTM (Mississippi Transverse Mercator CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=-89.75
ORIGIN LATITUDE=32.5
FALSE EASTING (m)=500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=1300000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
MTM (Eastern Canada) by zone
Natural Earth CENTRAL MERIDIAN
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
New Brunswick Double Stereographic CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL LONGITUDE=-66.5
CENTRAL LATITUDE=46.5
FALSE EASTING (m)=2500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=7500000
Norwegian Transverse Mercator (NTM) by zone
New Zealand Map Grid  
New Zealand Transverse Mercator 2000 CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=173
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=1600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=10000000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Oblique Stereographic CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR
CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Orthographic CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Philippines Grid by zone
Plate Carree (Geographic) CENTRAL LONGITUDE=0
Poland 1992/19 CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=0.999
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=19
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=-5300000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Poland 2000 by zone
Polar Stereographic LONGITUDE POLE
TRUE SCALE LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Polyconic CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Robinson CENTRAL MERIDIAN
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Rectified Skew Orthomorphic (RSO) PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR
AZIMUTH ANGLE
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
RSO East Malaysia (Borneo) PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR=1
AZIMUTH ANGLE=53.31580995
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)=115
ORIGIN LATITUDE=4 FALSE EASTING (m)=0
FALSE NORTHING (m)=0
RSO West Malaysia (Peninsular) PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR=1
AZIMUTH ANGLE=323.0257964667
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)=102.25
ORIGIN LATITUDE=4 FALSE EASTING (m)=804671
FALSE NORTHING (m)=0
Sinusoidal CENTRAL MERIDIAN
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Sinusoidal (Integerized) CENTRAL MERIDIAN
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
State Plane Coordinate System (NAD27) by zone
STATE PLANE SCALE FACTOR
EXTRA FALSE EASTING (m)
EXTRA FALSE NORTHING (m)
EXTRA SCALE CENTER EASTING (m)
EXTRA SCALE CENTER NORTHING (m)
*The extra State Plane parameters allow for some modification of the State Plane projections to relate to a ground grid. This is an older method of projection modification, and the extra parameters are only supported in the old (original) PRJ format, not in the newer OGC WKT PRJ format. Not all software supports the older PRJ format to recognize these extra parameters.
For access to a full custom projection definition based on/ starting from the state plane parameters, select the state plane projection, then switch to the base method (Transverse Mercator or Lambert Conformal Conic) and the matching values will be carried over to the configurable custom projection.
State Plane Coordinate System (NAD83) by zone
STATE PLANE SCALE FACTOR
EXTRA FALSE EASTING (m)
EXTRA FALSE NORTHING (m)
EXTRA SCALE CENTER EASTING (m)
EXTRA SCALE CENTER NORTHING (m)
*The extra State Plane parameters allow for some modification of the State Plane projections to relate to a ground grid. This is an older method of projection modification, and the extra parameters are only supported in the old (original) PRJ format, not in the newer OGC WKT PRJ format. Not all software supports the older PRJ format to recognize these extra parameters.
For access to a full custom projection definition based on/ starting from the state plane parameters, select the state plane projection, then switch to the base method (Transverse Mercator or Lambert Conformal Conic) and the matching values will be carried over to the configurable custom projection.
Stereo70  
Stereographic CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR
CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Swedish Grid (RT90) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=15.8082777778
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=1500000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=0
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0
Swedish Grid (SWEREF99) by zone
Swiss Grid PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR=1
AZIMUTH ANGLE=90
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)=7.4395833333
ORIGIN LATITUDE=46.9524055556
FALSE EASTING (m)=600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=200000
Swiss Grid (LV95) PROJECTION CENTER SCALE FACTOR=1
AZIMUTH ANGLE=90
AZIMUTH PT (CENTRAL LONGITUDE)=7.4395833333
ORIGIN LATITUDE=46.9524055556
FALSE EASTING (m)=2600000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=1200000
System 1965 (Uklad 1965) [Poland] by zone
Times CENTRAL MERIDIAN
Transverse Mercator CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Transverse Mercator (South-Orientated) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR
CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)
Trinidad Grid CENTRAL MERIDIAN=-61.333333333
CENTRAL LATITUDE=10.4416666667
FALSE EASTING (m)=86501.464
FALSE NORTHING (m)=65379.013
Two Point Equidistant LATITUDE 1
LATITUDE 2
LONGITUDE 1
LONGITUDE 2
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
UPS North (Univ. Polar Stereographic) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=0.994
CENTRAL LONGITUDE=0
CENTRAL LATITUDE=90
FALSE EASTING (m)=2000000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=2000000
UPS South (Univ. Polar Stereographic) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=0.994
CENTRAL LONGITUDE=0
CENTRAL LATITUDE=-90
FALSE EASTING (m)=2000000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=2000000
UTM by zone
UTM (Italia) by zone
Van der Grinten CENTRAL MERIDIAN
ORIGIN LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Vertical Near-Side Perspective HEIGHT OF PERSPECTIVE POINT
CENTRAL LONGITUDE
CENTRAL LATITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Wagner VII (Hammer-Wagner) CENTRAL LONGITUDE
FALSE EASTING (m)
FALSE NORTHING (m)
Winkel I CENTRAL LONGITUDE
TRUE SCALE LATITUDE
Winkel Tripel CENTRAL LONGITUDE
TRUE SCALE LATITUDE
Wisconsin County Reference System (WISCRS) by zone
WTM83/91 (Wisc Transverse Mercator) CENTRAL MERIDIAN SCALE FACTOR=1
CENTRAL MERIDIAN=-90
ORIGIN LATITUDE=0
FALSE EASTING (m)=520000
FALSE NORTHING (m)=-4480000
ROTATION ANGLE (ABOUT ORIGIN)=0

Planar Units

For additional linear units options see Geocalc Mode

The following linear units are supported:

The following angular units are supported: