You can change the shape of area and line features in several different ways. You'll first have to enable the Show Area and Line Vertices option (Shift+V is a keyboard shortcut to toggle this setting) before having access to the features described below. You'll also need to select the vertices to work with before performing any of the described operations except inserting new vertices.
The following options are available for reshaping area and line features:
This option allows
you to click on a segment of an area or line feature and be presented
with a dialog showing the length of the segment, which you can then edit.
All vertex locations from the end of the segment on to the end of the line will be adjusted to make the clicked-on segment the specified length. If you also have the option enabled to label each segment with its length on the Vector Display tab of the Configuration dialog then you can just double-click on a segment to edit its length.
This option specifies whether each vertex along area and line features selected with the Digitizer/ Edit Tool should be displayed. Use this option rather than the Render Area and Line Vertices option above to only display vertices for features that you are actively editing in order to prevent excessive clutter on the map.
This option allows you to move selected vertices to a new location. To do this, hold down the left mouse button and move the vertices to the desired location, then release the left mouse button. You can repeat this action continually to refine the location . Right clicking or pressing the ESC key will complete the operation. Note that while moving a single vertex, you can use the Snapping feature to help align the vertex with existing features. If you'd only like to move the selected vertices either horizontally or vertically, you can hold down either the 'X' or 'Y' keys on the keyboard to restrict the movement to that axis. Holding down both keys will move the vertices diagonally.
This option allows you to set multiple vertices to the same location, which ensures that there are no gaps along the seams of features. Once you've selected this option, hold down the left mouse button and move the vertices to the new desired location, then release the left mouse button. Right click or press the ESC key to complete the operation once you're done. Note that while joining vertices, you can use the Snapping feature to help align the vertices with existing features.
This option allows you to delete the selected vertices. CTRL+Delete is the hot key for deleting selected vertices.
This option displays a dialog allowing you to manually position the selected vertices by entering their new position in either latitude/longitude coordinates or coordinates in the currently configured view projection/datum. If the selected vertices are from a 3D line or area feature, you will also be able to set the elevation value to use for the vertex.
This option allows you to insert a new vertex into the selected area or line feature. To insert the vertex, select the option from either the Move/Reshape Feature(s) or Vertex Editing Digitizer (right-click) submenus, or the Digitizer(Edit) toolbar button.
Left-click at the location where you want
the new vertex inserted. The vertex will be inserted on the area or line
feature at the clicked location along the nearest segment of the feature.
Alternately, if you hold down the SHIFT key while left-clicking the new
vertex will be placed on the selected feature(s) at the nearest location
to the click location. You can also use this feature to extend features.
The newly created vertices will be automatically selected. If you need
to add multiple vertices to the selected feature(s), simply hold down
the 'I' key when left-clicking to place the vertex and you will remain
in the insert vertex mode.
order of all vertices in a selected line or area feature. This option can be used for data management, but is also useful for Digitizer operations that relate to the beginning or ending or a feature.
This option is found under the Move/Reshape Feature(s) Options submenu and allows you to resample your selected area or line feature at a specified interval. This is useful if you want to add a lot of new vertices along your feature to make reprojection work better or to facilitate smoothing of the feature.
This option will automatically remove vertices that do not
significantly contribute to the shape of your selected area or line features.
This is useful to significantly reduce the size of features without
giving up much detail in the shape. Select Line or Area Features to simplify with the Digitizer tool and
right-click. In the Move/Reshape
Feature(s) submenu, selected the SIMPLIFY - Simplify (Reduce) Vertices
of Selected Line/ Area Feature(s) option. When selected the Enter Simplification Threshold dialog will appear
Horizontal Threshold — Use this field to enter the threshold that will be used to simplify the 2D components of each vector feature. This is the distance in meters that a vertex needs to be from a straight line in order to be kept in the feature. Vertices that are this distance or further from the straight line will be kept. Vertices that are closer than this distance from the straight line will be discarded.
Vertical Threshold — This section applies only to 3D data. The threshold specified here will be applied to the vertex elevations. If the calculation exceeds the threshold, then the vertex will be kept.
Elevation (meters) — This field to specifies a threshold for the elevation difference between vertices. If the elevation difference is greater than or equal to the threshold, the vertex will be kept.
Slope (degrees) — This field to specifies a threshold for the slope difference between vertices. Each calculation involves three points (A, B, and C). If the difference between slope AC and slope AB exceeds the threshold, and the difference between slope AC and slope BC exceeds the threshold, then the point will be kept. Specify this value in degrees. If you need to use a different means to specify the slope, click on the Compute... button. Global Mapper will display a dialog that will allow you to enter the value using raw slope (rise over run) and a "1 in X" designation. The dialog will then convert this value to degrees and enter it in the Slope field.
This option allows you to modify the position
of the vertices of your selected line and area features to smooth the
appearance. This can be used to give jagged contour lines a better appearance.
If after modifying the shape of an area or line feature you decide that
you want to undo the changes and restore the feature to its original shape,
simply select the feature(s) that you want restored and select the Restore
Original Shape from the right-click context menu. See alsoRestore Original Position of the Point